Tolkien Notes

Elrond Half-elven...

Elrond and his brother, Elros,* were more than one-half elven, only a bit more than one-third human and one-sixteenth maia. Weight must be given to their father, Eärendil, being half human while their mother's human ancestry was smaller than half. To do the math, for each generation of removal from Elrond's generation, diminish the weight of blood by one-half. Thus, Elrond is...

Maia by Melian (6.25%)
Elven by Nimloth (25%), by Thingol (6.25%), by Idril Celebrindal (25%)
Human by Beren (12.5%), by Túor (25%)


Count only the percent contribution of each full-blooded parent (grandparent, etc.) ignoring mixed race because the fractional blood is accounted for by the full-blood ancestors. Stop calculating at first full-blood parent (grandparent, etc.)


Elrond had...

Paternal side:
  • 1 full elven grandmother, Idril Celebrindel
  • 1 full human grandfather, Túor son of Húor
Maternal side:
  • 1 full elven grandmother, Nimloth the Fair
  • Mixed-race grandfather, Dior Eluchil (ignore and use his parents)

Díor had...

Paternal side:
  • 1 full human father, Beren Camlost
Maternal side:
  • Mixed mother, Lúthien Tinúviel (ignore and use her parents)

Lúthien had...

This gives Elrond (and Elros):


Elrond's (and Elros') Tree (and percentage of blood weight)

Blood   Relationships
                               Finwë    Indis
                                 |        |
  6.25  Thingol       Melian     Fingolfin              Galdor   Hareth
            |           |            |                    |        |
            +-----+-----+            +------+----         +---+----+
                  |                         |                 |
 12.5          Lúthien      Beren        Turgon              Húor    Rían
                  |           |             |                 |       |
                  +-----+-----+             +-----+----       +---+---+
                        |                         |               |
 25                    Díor     Nimloth    Idril Celebrindel     Túor
                        |          |              |               |
                        +-----+----+              +--------+------+
                              |                            |
 50                         Elwing               Eärendil the Marriner
                              |                            |
100                                       Elrond (and Elros)

* The Valar gave the judgment to all these mixed-race people to choose to which kindred they would be adjudged. Elros chose to be human and was installed by the Valar as the first king of Númenor while his brother, Elrond, chose to be elven because of Lúthien, though she followed the path of mortality with Beren. Eärendil leaned toward being human because of his father, Túor, whom he loved, but he chose to be elven because of his love for Elwing. Having made this choice before Manwë in Aman, they were never permitted again to dwell with their kin in Middle Earth.

Major battles of the First Age
  1. First Battle, year -29*
  2. Dagor-nuin-Giliath, the Battle-under-stars, year 1, death of Fëanor
  3. Dagor Aglareb, the Glorious Battle, complete destruction of Morgoth's forces, year 60
  4. Dagor Bragolach, the Battle of Sudden Flame (455), Fingolfin challenges Morgoth and is slain, year 456
  5. Dagor Nirnaeth Arnoediad, the Battle of Unnumbered Tears, utter defeath of the Noldor, year 472
  6. War of Wrath, forces from Valinor besiege Angband, Belierand is virtually destroyed and sunk beneath the sea, Morgoth is captured and shut out beyond the confines of Eä, Sauron escapes, year 545-587

* Morgoth returned to Angband 22 years before the First Battle; the Noldor (Fëanor and sons) follow some 7 years after the First Battle and immediately is engaged the Dagor-nuin-Giliath immediately prior to the arrival of Fingolfin and those who braved the Helcaraxë upon which the Moon and then the Sun rise.

The fall of the major elf realms of the First Age
465 Tol Sirion Sauron's attack against Orodreth, becomes Tol-in-Gaurhoth
473 Falas Círdan overwhelmed by orcs in the Nirnaeth, moves to the Isle of Balar
495 Nargothrond Glaurung's campaign, Túrin's arrogance
509 Menegroth dwarf invasion
510 Gondolin Húrin's inattention and Mæglin's treachery

Lyrics to movie music

Return of the King

Aragorn's coronation

Sung by Aragorn.

Et Earello Endorenna utúlien
Sinome maruvan ar Hildinyar tenn' Ambar-metta
Out of the Great Sea to Middle-earth I am come.
In this place I will abide, and my heirs, unto the ending of the world

Song to Tinúviel

Sung by chorus.

Tinuviel elvanui
Elleth alfirin edhelhæl
O hon ring finnil fuinui
A renc gelebrin thiliol...
Tinuviel [the] elven-fair,
Immortal maiden elven-wise,
About him cast [her] night-dark hair,
And arms [like] silver glimmering...


Sung by chorus.

Elo! Anduril;
Lach en Annun
I chatho asgannen,
Ad echannen!
Behold! Anduril:
Flame of the West
The blade [that was] broken,
[has been] remade!

May It Be

Sung by Enya.

May it be an evening star
Shines down upon you
May it be when darkness falls
Your heart will be true
You walk a lonely road
Oh! How far you are from home

Mornie utúlië (darknesss has come)
Believe and you will find your way
Mornie alantië (darknesss has fallen)
A promise lives within you now

May it be the shadows call
Will fly away
May it be your journey on
To light the day
When the night is overcome
You may rise to find the sun

Mornie utúlië (darknesss has come)
Believe and you will find your way
Mornie alantië (darknesss has fallen)
A promise lives within you now

The Edge of Night

Sung by Peregrin Took.

Home is behind
The world ahead
And there are many paths to tread
Through shadow
To the edge of night
Until the stars are all alight

Mist and shadow
Cloud and shade
All shall fade
All shall...fade

The Golden Hall

The Green Dragon sung by Meriadoc Brandybuck and Peregrin Took in the Golden Hall at Edoras.

Oh you can search far and wide,
You can drink the whole town dry,
But you'll never find a beer so brown,
As the one we drink in our hometown.

You can drink your fancy ales,
You can drink them by the flagon,
But the only brew for the brave and true,
Comes from the Green Dragon!

The Prophecy

Whispered at beginning.

Yénillor morne
tulinte I quettar
tercáno nuruva

Hlasta! Qyetes
The Seer speaks
Out of the black years
Come the words
The Herald of Death

Listen! It speaks to
those who were not born to die.

The Green Dragon (Hobbit drinking song)

Sung by Meriadoc Brandybuck and Peregrin Took at the Green Dragon in Hobbiton.

Hey, ho, to the bottle I go,
To heal my heart and drown my woe!
Rain may fall and wind may blow,
But there still be many miles to go!

Sweet is the sound of the pouring rain,
And stream that falls from hill to plain!
Better than rain or rippling brook,
Is a mug of beer inside this Took!

Tolkien's text that it was based on:

Ho! Ho! Ho! To the bottle I go
To heal my heart and drown my woe,
Rain may fall and wind may blow,
And many miles be still to go,
But under a tall tree I will lie,
And let the clouds go sailing by.

O Queen Beyond the Western Seas

A Bereth thar Ennui Aeair!
A Galad ven i reniar
hí 'aladhremmin ennorath.
A Elbereth Gilthoniel
i chin a thûl lîn i gelair...

O Queen beyond the Western Seas!
O light to us that wander
here amid the world of woven-trees.
O Gilthoniel! O Elbereth!
the eyes and breath which are brilliant...

The Black Rider

Nêbâbîtham Magânanê
Nêtabdam dâurad
Nêpâm nêd abârat-aglar
îdô Nidir nênâkham
Bârî 'n Katharâd

We deny our maker.
We cling to the darkness.
We grasp for ourselves power and glory.
Now we come, the Nine,
Lords of Eternal Life.

Lay of Lúthien (Song to Tinúviel)

By Tolkien of Beren and Lúthien, sung by Aragorn.

Tinúviel elvanui
Elleth alfirin edhelhæl
O hon ring finnil fuinui
A renc gelebrin thiliol...

Tinúviel the elven-fair,
Immortal maiden elven-wise,
About him cast her night-dark hair,
And arms like silver glimmering...


Sung by Enya; composed by Enya and Roma Ryan.

O môr henion i dhû:
Ely siriar, êl síla
Ai! Aníron Undómiel
Tiro! Êl eria e môr.
I 'lîr en êl luitha 'uren
Ai! Aníron...
From darkness I understand the night:
dreams flow, a star shines
Ah! I desire Evenstar.
Look! A star rises out of the darkness
The song of the star enchants my heart
Ah! I desire...

The Bridge of Kazadum

Chanted at the bridge.

(A sort of neo Khuzdul)

The demon comes! No! No!
                 No! No!
Fear rips our heart! No! No!
Fire in the deep!
Fire in the deep!
No! ________
Ah _______
Fire in the deep!
Fire in the deep!
No! No! No!
Flames lick our skin!
No! No! No!

Fire in the deep!

No! No! No!
Fire in, fire in!
Fire in the deep!
Fire, fire. Fire in the deep!
The demon comes, fire in the deep!
Flames lick our skin!
Fear rips our heart!
He is coming!
Fire in the deep!
Flames lick out skin!
The demon comes!
The demon comes, the demon comes!
Fire in the deep!
Flames lick our skin!
Fear rips our heart!

The demon comes!

Lament for Gandalf

Sung by elves in Lothlórien.

A Olórin i yáresse
Mentaner i Númeherui
Tírien i Rómenóri
Maiaron i Oiosaila
Manan elye etevanne
Nórie i melanelye?

Mithrandir, Mithrandir, A Randir Vithren
ú-reniathach i amar galen
I reniad lín ne mór, nuithannen
In gwidh ristennin, i fæ narchannen
I lach Anor ed ardhon gwannen
Caled veleg, ethuiannen.

Olorin, who once was...
Sent by the Lords of the West
To guard the lands of the East
Wisest of all Maiar.
What drove you to leave
That which you loved?

Mithrandir, Mithrandir, O Pilgrim Grey
No more will you wander the green fields of this earth.
Your journey has ended in darkness.
The bonds are cut, the spirit broken.
The Flame of Anor has left this World.
A great light, has gone out.

A Elbereth Gilthoniel

Chorus in Lothlórien.

A Elbereth Gilthoniel,
silivren penna miriel
o menel aglar elenath,
na-chæred palan diriel
o galadhremmin ennorath
nef æar, sí æaron,
Fanluilos, le linnathon
Nef æar, sí æaron!

O Elbereth Star-kindler,
(white) glittering slants-down sparkling-like-jewels
from firmament glory [of] the star-host,
to-remote-distance after-having-gazed
from tree-tangled middle-lands,
on-this-side [of] ocean, here [on this side of] the Great Ocean,
Fanuilos, to thee I will chant
on-this-side [of] ocean, here [on this side of] the Great Ocean!


Heard passing down Anduín, the Great River.

Ai! laurie lantar lassi súrinen,
yéni únotime ve ramar aldaron!
yéni ve linte...

Et Eärello Endorenna utúlien.
Sinome maruvan ar Hildinyar tenn' Ambar-metta!

Alas! golden leaves fall in the wind,
long years numberless as [the] wings of trees!
Long years like swift...

Out of the Great Sea to Middle-earth I am come.
In this place I will abide, and my heirs, unto the ending of the world

In Dreams

Sung by child soprano at the end of The Fellowship of the Ring.

When the cold of Winter comes,
Starless night will cover day.
In the veiling of the sun,
We will walk in bitter rain.
But in dreams.
I still hear your name.
And in dreams,
We will meet again

When the seas and mountains fall,
And we come, to end of days,
In the dark I hear a call,
Calling me there.
I will go there,
—And back again

Fountains of Stone

(Quenyan and Khuzdul)
Irkat-lukhud ma
Ulfat-atam ma
tanakhi uduhu
bin-nât aznân tarsisi

Bazar udu agânî-furkhîn
Ma nîd sakhu!
Ma satf unkhai!
Atkât zatagrafizu
Zatablugi sulluzu

An mauya mahtie.

No shaft of light
Can breach it
No breath of air
Comes from it
Only an endless dark rises

Deep from the beginnings
Of the world.
Have fear.
Do not look down
Nor step too close
The silence will take you.
It will swallow you whole.

The Fallen

Theoden grieves for his son.

(Rohirric—Old English)
Hé læred hine rídan
And wealdan méce
And standan fæst
And féond ne forhtian.
Nú hé sceal leornian
Ðæt hearde sóð:
Hé rærede his cnapa
Of cilde tó menn
Ðæt hé his déað geséo.

Sé féond wæs simble mid heom.
Sé féond ne reccede ege.

He taught him to ride,
To wield a sword.
To stand strong
And show his enemy no fear.
Now he must learn
The hard truth:
That he had brought his boy
From childhood.
So that he might face his death
Like a man.

The enemy was always with them.
The enemy did not care about fear.

Éowyn's Lament

Near Theodred's mound.

Bealocwealm hafað fréone frecan forth onsended
giedd sculon singan gléomenn sorgiende on Meduselde
þat heo mano arer his þruc ne deores
on meagorinc deorcas, belu
An evil death has set forth the noble warrior
A song shall the sorrowing minstrels sing in Meduseld
That noble cousin who always held me dear
now is held in darkness, enclosed.

Evenstar/The Missing

Performed by Isabel Bayrakdarian.

Heo næfre wacode dægred
To bisig dægeweorcum
Ac oft heo wacode sunnanwanung
Thonne nihtciele creap geond moras

And on thære hwile
Heo dreag tha losinga
Ealra thinga the heo fortas.

Heo swa oft dreag hire sawle sicende
Heo ne cuthre hire hertan lust
She never watched the morning rising,
Too busy with the days first chores
But oft she would watch the sun's fading
As the cold of night swept across the moors
And in that moment she felt the loss
Of everything that had been missed
So used to feeling the spirit sink
She had not felt her own heart's wish

Breath of Life

Uich gwennen na 'wanath ah na dhín.
An uich gwennen na ringyrn ambar hen.
Boe naid bain gwannathar,
Boe cuil ban firitha.
Boe nær gwannathach, [...]

You are not bound to loss and silence.
For you are not bound to the circles of this world.
All things must pass away,
All life is doomed to fade…
Sorrowing you must go, [and yet you are not without hope].

Haldir's Lament

Ar sindarnoriello caita mornie,
Ar ilye tier undulave lumbule...

And grey-country-from lies darkness,
And all roads down-licked [the] clouds...


Naur vi eryn,
lanc i dalaf.
Mathach vi geven?
Nostach vi 'wilith?
Mâb le i nagor,
Bâd gurth vi ngalad firiel.
Dorthach vi mar han?
Dagrathach go hain?

The woods are burning,
the ground lies bare.
Do you feel it in the earth?
Can you smell it in the air?
The war is upon you,
Death moves in the fading light.
Are you part of this world?
Will you join their fight?

Isengard Unleashed/The March of the Ents

rithannen i geven
thangen i harn
na fennas i daur
ol dûr ristannen
Eryn echuiannen
i ngelaidh dagrar
ristar thyn, cúa tawar
Dambedir enyd i ganed
Si linna i wæw trin ylf
Isto i dur i chuiyl
i ngelaidh dagrar

Earth shakes,
Stone breaks
The forest is at your door
The dark sleep is broken
The woods have awoken
The trees have gone to war
Roots rend, wood bends
The Ents have answered the call
Through branches now the wind sings
Feel the power of living things
The trees have gone to war

The Dimholt Road

Go vegil tolo hi
Egor íriel firi
'Ni men hen ú veth 'war.

Come armed,
or prepared to die.
There is no other end to this road.

The Way Is Shut

Hollen i ven
In gyrth han agorer
a han beriar in gyrth
Hollen i ven.

The way is shut.
It was made by those who are dead
and the Dead keep it.
The way is shut.

The Steward of Gondor

Home is behind
The world is ahead.
And there are many paths to tread
Thru shadow to the edge of night
Until the stars are all alight
Mist and shadows, cloud and shade.
All shall fade.

The Argument

Cædo, losto. Ú-erin davo.
Amman harthach? Anim únad.
Le tûg nach. O hon ú-wannathon.
Ú-moe le anno nad. Ónen a hon beth nín.
Gurth han ristatha. Ta han narcho Gurth.
Gar vethed e-chúnen, go hon bedithon na meth.

Lie down, sleep. / I cannot yield.
Why do you still hope? / I have nothing else.
You are a fool. / I will not leave him.
You owe him nothing / I gave him my word.
Death will break it. / Then let death break it.
He has the last of my heart. / I will go with him to the end.

Not Once, Not Ever

Dannen le
A ú-erin le regi
Rang ail le iestannen
Lû ail le tegin na hen.
Gwannach o innen ului
Ú lû erui, ului.

You have fallen.
And I cannot reach you.
Ever step I willed you on,
Every moment I lead you to this.
You never left my mind,
Not once, not ever.

Don't Let Go

Anírach únad
Egor gurth hen
Han cenin vi chen lín
Egor ú-erin le devi
Tellin men achæ
Brennin men anann
Rago! Ú-erich leithio,
Ú-erich o nin gwanno.

You want nothing more
Than this death.
I see it in your eye.
But I cannot let you
We have come too far
We have held on too long.
Reach! You cannot let go,
You cannot leave me.

The Mountain of Fire

Nu dalav
Úrui tuiannen na ruith
Leithia Orodruin oe in phan.
Ristannen i geven,
Danna eliad morn.
Si, na vethed [choir: 2.17-2.32]
Meth i naid bain
I wilith úria
I ardhon ban lacha!

Beneath the ground
Swollen hot with anger
Orodruin releases all its ruin.
Earth rips asunder
Black rain falls.
Here at the end;
The end of all things.
The air is aflame,
All the world is on fire!

The Destruction of the Ring

Mi naurath Orodruin
Boe hedi i Vin
Han i vangad i moe ben bango
Sin eriol natha túr in úgarnen
Sin eriol ûm beleg úgannen

U cilith 'war
U men 'war.
Boe min mebi,
Boe min bango.

Into the fires of Orodruin
The One must be cast;
This the price, that must be paid,
Only thus its power will be undone,
Only thus, a great evil, unmade.

There is no other choice.
There is no other way.
One of you must take it,
One of you must pay.

The Eagles

Orthannen im vi ól
Coll e dû
Or hiriath naur
Na rovail mæ sui 'wæw
Man prestant i ardhon?
Cerithar æn illiad dim úthenin?

In a dream I was lifted up.
Borne from the darkness
Above the rivers of fire.
On wings soft as the wind.
What's happened to the world?
Is everything sad going to come untrue?

Into the West

Lay down your sweet and weary head
Night is falling, you have come to journey's end.
Sleep now, and dream of the ones who came before.
They are calling from across the distant shore.
Why do you weep?
What are these tears upon your face?
Soon you will see all of your fears will pass away,
Safe in my arms you're only sleeping.

What can you see on the horizon?
Why do the white gulls call?
Across the sea, a pale moon rises.
The ships have come to carry you home.

Dawn will turn to silver glass
A light on the water
All souls pass.

Hope fades into the world of night
Through shadows falling out of memory and time.
Don't say, "We have come now to the end."
White shores are calling
You and I will meet again.
And you'll be here in my arms
Just sleeping.

What can can you see on the horizon?
Why do the white gulls call?
Across the sea, a pale moon rises.
The ships have come to carry you home.

And all will turn to silver glass
A light on the water:
Grey ships pass into the west.

Use Well the Days

Around the corner there may wait
A new road or a secret gate,
And though I have passed them by,
A day will come...
I will take the hidden paths that run
West of the moon, and East of the sun.
I'm glad that you are here with me,
Here at the end of all things.

Night, too, shall be beautiful,
And blessed, and its fear will pass.
I must leave, must cross this sea;
The love you gave is all I take with me.

Use well the days,
Use well the days...
Turn your face to the green world,
Use well the days.

Seven stars and seven stones
And one White Tree,
From all the sundered seas...

Use well the days,
Use well the days...
Turn your face to the green world.
Use well the days.

The Houses of Healing

With a sigh, you turn away
With a deepening heart, no more words to say
You will find that the world has changed forever

The trees are now turning from green to gold
And the sun is now fading
I wish I could hold you closer.